Reasons For Tooth Decay And How It Can Be Avoided?
The issue of tooth decay can arise due to a variety of reasons. So, before we get started, let’s see what we will learn from this post.
Tooth Decay: Causes, Symptoms And Checks
- 1. Primary Reasons for Tooth Decay
- 2. Why molars and premolars are highly prone to decay?
- 3. Other Factors That Trigger Tooth Decay
- 4. Symptoms Of Tooth Decay
- 5. Measures To Avoid Tooth Decay
- 6. To Conclude
Primary Reasons For Tooth Decay
The treatments followed nowadays to address the dental complications are much more updated. As a result of advanced dental treatment techniques, people who suffer from dental problems do not hesitate to visit the dental clinics at the very early stages of these complications. Let us at first explore the various reasons behind a tooth decay and damage of your dental health! Some of them are enlisted here:
The mouth itself originally has certain bacteria present within it. These bacteria, when mixed with the saliva, creates plaque. Plaque is very harmful for your teeth. Moreover when food and beverages that contain carbohydrates, are consumed, acid is produced. This is because the bacteria starts feeding on these food leftovers. This acid attacks the tooth enamel thus eroding it leading to a tooth decay.
The Decaying Process
When the process of plaque build-up and tooth decay is left nearly unattended, the minerals from the teeth gradually wears away and a small hole is created. These holes are known as cavities. Through the cavities, the decay process continues and reaches the core pulp of the tooth. This makes the nerves around the pulp open to the bacterial attacks and this finally results in tremendous dental pain.
If this decaying process is not addressed on time, the adjacent tooth also gets affected.
Why Molars and Premolars Are Highly Prone To Decay?
The chewing teeth present at the back of your mouth, that is the molars and the premolars, are more prone to be affected by tooth decays as the food particles tend to accumulate there! That is why daily brushing and that too in a proper way, is very essential, so that the food particles do not remain stuck on them.
The above mentioned causes of tooth decay were the most common and the prevalent ones.
Other Factors That Can Trigger Tooth Decay
Apart from the above, there are other indirect but significant factors that can leave you with a poor dental health. Let us have a glimpse of some of them.
Junk food items as well as sugary foods and beverages contain high carbohydrates. Consuming more and more carbohydrate food increases the probability of tooth decay. Furthermore, these food items are usually sticky and do not easily get cleaned or washed away from between the nooks and corners of your teeth.
Lack of maintenance of the Oral Health
Regular brushing and flossing is a very important part of maintaining the dental health. A lack of regularity would hamper your oral health. Using a fluoride toothpaste for brushing would be the best option for you.
Both smoking and drinking alcohol adversely affects your dental health. Alcohol affects the enamel whereas tobacco hinders saliva production in your mouth. Since saliva helps to keep the mouth bacteria free and your teeth moist so that the enamel remains protected, a lack of saliva production makes your mouth health prone to infections!
Complications Resulting from Dry Mouth
Dry mouth can result from certain medications, chemotherapy drugs, oral radiations. Apart from harboring chances of infection, a dry mouth results in food particles remaining stuck in the teeth for longer periods, which actually initiate the decay process. The mouth becomes more and more prone to acid attacks (as saliva is responsible for neutralizing acids!)
Symptoms of Tooth Decay
Common indications that indicate the decaying of teeth are:
- Toothache that may be acute or gradually increasing
- Sensitivity to both hot and cold touches
- Tooth stains that is black or brown, almost appears as a spots on your teeth
- A foul smelling breath
- Feeling of tastelessness in your mouth
These above mentioned symptoms indicate you to take proper actions immediately with respect to your oral health. Visiting a dentist at such times can help you greatly as you will be able to know the acute reason for tooth decay in your case.
Measures To Avoid Tooth Decay
At first, you are normally advised to follow preventive measures in order to take care of your oral health and prevent a possible tooth decay. But in case you are suffering from an issue, dentists follow the tooth restoration procedures or use the dental seals method to stop the decay. Nevertheless, since prevention is always better than cure you are usually advised to abide by the following:
The twice brushing regime usually compels you to brush after dinner too. While doing so, one thing should be kept in mind. Brush your teeth at least one hour after eating, especially if you have taken any acidic beverages!
While brushing, you need to adhere to the following norms:
- Brush in a circular motion so that every nook and corner of the tooth as well as the gums are cleaned properly.
- Brush both the surfaces of each tooth, outer and inner, keeping the bristles perfectly angled at 45 degrees against the gum line.
- The molars and the premolars have the flat surfaces that need to be cleaned properly as they are the most favorable places for the accumulation of left-over food particles.
- Brushing your tongue will freshen up your breath and keep your mouth free from bacteria too.
It is always advised that a regular brushing regime should be coupled with flossing too. Only brushing is not sufficient to clear food particles off every nook and corner! Therefore flossing at least once is crucial.
Preferably use a mouthwash that contains fluoride. This is more healthy for your teeth. Usually dental experts would suggest you not to use a mouthwash that contains alcohol. It corrodes the teeth enamel again!
Maintaining the Right Diet
Gorging on food items that have a low acid and sugar content is a part of your oral maintenance. Having sugary snack items in between two meals all the more increases the chance of plaque.
Since preventive measures are easier taken as compared to corrective measures, the checks for a possible tooth decay in future as advised by your dentist must be strictly followed. A healthy smile and an attractive personality would quite easily be one among your priced possessions!